Agapanthes de la maison

Sketch conical flower pattern

Motif symétrique en JUIN

“PARDES” postcard

WATER MARK EXPLORATION / MIXT

QUARTIER BLANKENESE / HAMBOURG

JARDIN BOTANIQUE D’HAMBOURG

Pattern elements – research

Tordylium apulum

 

Making symmetric diamond morning glory pattern

Comme sur du papier

Baigneuse premiere version

in progress … allegory

Acanthus: Bears’s breaches – bear foot – sea dock

Last summer I registered to Skillshare. I followed the course of Barbel Dressler . My emerging passion for acanthus started with her course “drawing acanthus”. All of her courses are just great and impressive by the amount of information she provides. It isn’t only about practical exercices, she also explores a large range of abstract knowledge and go back and forth between knowhow and knowledge. Just Brilliant!

I wanted to write this post in french (since I have loads of documentation but my starting point was Barbel Dressler informations so here it is, in english. Please excuse my grammar and spelling mistakes sprinkled around.

Then I kept being curious about the acanthus world in all its forms and enjoyed practicing.sketching. I also discovered or simply happened to see acanthus all around

I haven’t yet made a pattern with acanthus motif. it will be done soon.

The name derives from greek acantha =  thorn  

Most commonly depicted plant since ancient Greece and Rome. It plays significant role in art and design (architecture & home design). The Specific intangible beauty of its shapes, lines and details inspired  classic motifs.

Acantha (Ancient Greek: á¼ˆÎºÎ¬Î½Î¸Î±, romanizedAkánthalit. ‘thorn’) is often claimed to be a minor character in Greek mythology whose metamorphosis was the origin of the Acanthus plant. Acantha’s myth however does not appear in any classical source.

The tale supposedly goes that Acantha was a nymph loved by the god Apollo. Acantha, however, rebuffed Apollo’s continued advances and scratched his face. As a result, Apollo transformed her into the Acanthus, a plant with spiny leaves.

In Greek legend the Athenian architect and sculptor Callimachus one day happened to pass a tomb, near which he saw an acanthus plant enfolding both a tile and a basket. He was inspired by the sight to design a capital for a column, since known as the Corinthian order.

According to an earlier Greek legend, a young girl died, and her devoted nurse collected her trinkets and ornaments and placed them in a basket near her tomb and covered them with a tile. The nurse set the basket down on an acanthus root, whose stalks and leaves grew up enfolding the basket. It was this tomb that Callimachus saw.

Big broad plant with side nerves coming from the center. There is difference between real plant and designed version all over the world. The original shape is exaggerated and enhanced  for a stylised version all over the world

The ancien greek first started to use the acanthus leaves as a motif to adorn columns , the roman version: an other style emerged based on Acanthus Mollis : broader, more curvy 

Acanthus mollis is very similar to Acanthus spinosus. The main difference being the leaves and flowers: 

  1. Serrated Leaves: Acanthus spinosus is characterized by its serrated leaves. Acanthus spinosus leaves have sharp, tooth-like edges that give the plant a distinct and jagged appearance. In contrast, Acanthus mollis has broader and softer leaves, lacking the serration found in Acanthus spinosus.
  2. Flower Spike Production: Acanthus spinosus has the upper hand when it comes to flower spike production. This plant produces more flower spikes compared to Acanthus mollis, giving it a showier and more vibrant display of blooms.

  • The greek version: leaf are based on Acanthus Spinosus – more pointed narrower lobes ( building temples)
  • The Byzantin acanthus got chukier, more simplified and stylised. ( used as leaves. not so much scrolls)
  • The medieval motif is simplified. specially // wood carving  ands often used as a motif in books illustration / illumination: longer tendrils, more elaborate scrolls and use of the S line . The S line may have been used before but starting to emerge with illustration on paper

  • Gothic acanthus leaves and scrolls: more round with bulb form… later it became more bizarre and esteem  with extra long extended tendrils  that look almost fizzle
  • With renaissance occurs a significant jump in style – much more elaborate and delicate style  with more details shapes and lines 
  • With the baroque time : acanthus leaves became even more extreme especially with the rococo and neoclassical period with no end to the swirling, curling and bending

All of this themes took inspiration from the classical period of the greeks

  • In second half of the XIX century beginning of XX century, the art and design style were heavily influenced by the pre raphaelites and the art and craft movement. Compared to the romantic period (XVIII), the acanthus became a little bit more robust
  • with art nouveau there was more imaginary elements, new type of details ans extension of the leave appeared.
  • and art deco: goes back to a more classical and strict look again

William Morris and J.H Dearl’s work


DES LIENS

MORNING GLORY II

The master